27 October 2013

John 10:30




ON JOHN 10:30


 Did Jesus admits divinity when He said in John 10:30, “I and My Father are one”?



“One” Not In Number

Nowhere in the verse that Jesus said “I and My Father are one IN NUMBER.” Actually, the interpretation that when Jesus said “I and my Father” means they are “one in number” contradicts the very words of the Lord Jesus in John 8:16-18:

John 8:16-18 Amplified
“Yet even if I do judge, My judgment is true [My decision is right]; for I am not alone [in making it], but [there are two of Us] I and the Father, Who sent Me.
“In your [own] Law it is written that the testimony (evidence) of two persons is reliable and valid. [Deut 19:15.]
“I am One [of the Two] bearing testimony concerning Myself; and My Father, Who sent Me, He also testifies about Me.”

Here, it is clear that Jesus and the Father are not one in number. Jesus explicitly said, “…for I am not alone [in making it], but [there are two of us] I and the Father…”


“One” Not in State of Being

It is also wrong to say that when the Lord Jesus said “I and My Father are one” they are one in state of being. The Bible clearly tells us that the Father is “spirit” (cf. John 4:23-24), has no flesh and bones (cf. Luke 24:39), while the Lord Jesus has flesh and bones:

Luke 24:38-39 NKJV
“And He said to them, "Why are you troubled? And why do doubts arise in your hearts? Behold My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.’”

Although Jesus is now in heaven, He continues to be flesh and bones or human in nature. This is what the Bible says regarding the one at God’s right hand in heaven:

Psalms 80:17 NKJV
“Let Your hand be upon the man of Your right hand,  Upon the son of man whom You made strong for Yourself.”

Jesus is the one referred to as the Man at God’s right hand:

Colossians 3:1 NKJV
“If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God.”


“One” in Taking Care of Christ’s sheep

If we are going to examine the context of John 10:27-30, it is clear here why the Lord Jesus said “I and My Father are one”:

John 10:27-30 NKJV
“My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father's hand. I and My Father are one."

Christ’s said, “neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.” He also said, “My father, who has given them to Me, is greater tha all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand.” Thus, His conclusion, “I and My Father are one.”

Take note that when the Lord Jesus said “I and My father are one,” He is not taking about His state of being or his true nature. He is talking about how He and the Father will take care of His sheep that if they will hear His voice and follow Him no one shall snatch them out of His and His father’s hand.


Other Translations of John 10:30

Based on the context of the John 10:27-30, it is clear that the Lord Jesus is talking about how He and His Father are one in taking care of His sheep. Further strengthening this position, many versions of the Bible support our position that when Jesus said in John 10:30, “I and My Father are one,” He is not referring to His divinity, but rather on how He and his Father are one in taking care of His sheep.

The Message – “I and the Father are one heart and mind”:

John 10:27-30 The Message
“My sheep recognize my voice. I know them, and they follow me. I give them real and eternal life. They are protected from the Destroyer for good. No one can steal them from out of my hand. The Father who put them under my care is so much greater than the Destroyer and Thief. No one could ever get them away from him. I and the Father are one heart and mind.” (Emphasis Mine)

Contemporary English Version – “I am one with the Father”:

John 10:27-30 CEV
“My sheep know my voice, and I know them. They follow me,
and I give them eternal life, so that they will never be lost. No one can snatch them out of my hand. My Father gave them to me, and he is greater than all others. No one can snatch them from his hands, and I am one with the Father.” (Emphasis Mine)

New Testament: An Expanded Translation – “I and the Father are one in essence”:
    
John 10:27-30 Wuest
“The sheep which are mine are in the habit of listening to my voice, and I know them by experience, and they take the same road that I take with me, and I give to them life eternal. And they shall positively not perish, never. And no one will snatch them by force out of my hand. My Father who gave them to me as a permanent gift is greater than all. And no one is able to be snatching them by force out of the hand of my Father. I and the Father are one in essence.” (Emphasis Mine)


The Greek Text Supports our Position

Our position that when the Lord Jesus said in John 10;30, “I and My Father are one,” He is not referring to His divinity, but to how He and His Father are one in taking care of the His sheep is also supported by the Greek text of John 10:30.

There are three equivalents in Greek of the English word “one” based on gender:

eis (masculine)
mia (femenine)
en (neuter)

The example in the New Testament of the used of these three Greek terms is in Ephesians 4:5:

eis kurios (“one Lord”)
mia pistis (“one faith”)
en baptisma (“one baptism”)

John 10:30 in Greek is:

ego kai pater en esmen

As translated “ego” (“I”), “kai” (“and”), “pater” (“father”), “en” (“one”), and “esmen” (“are”).

Take note that the word used in the Greek Text of John 10:30 which is equivalent of “one” in English is “en” (the “neuter adjective”). Thus, in the Greek Text of John 10:30, the equivalent of the English word “one” (the Greek “en”) doesn’t refer to Jesus and the Father. If the word “one” refers to Jesus and the Father, the verse should used the masculine “eis” instead of “en.”

In the book The Pillar New Testament Commentary: The Gospel According to John, in page 394, the author D.A. Carson agreed that if the masculine “eis” is used this could refer to Christ and the Father and could meant that Christ and the Father are one in state of being or nature. However, because the neuter “en” was used instead, it shows that Jesus and the Father are “one accord” or one in objectives and actions. This is the reason why in I Corinthians 3:8 the Greek term “en” is also used:

I Corinthians 3:8 NKJV
“Now he who plants and he who waters are one, and each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor.”

The equivalent in the Greek text of the English word “one” here in I Corinthians 3:8 is the neuter “en” because the verse shows that Apostle Paul (“he who plants”) and Apolos (“he who waters”) are “one” in goal, objective or action.

Conclusion

Thus, the context of John 10:27-30, the Greek Text of John 10:30, and other English translations of the said verse, support and strengthen our position that the words of Jesus stating “I and My Father are one” refers not to the state of being or nature, not proving divinity, but that the Lord Jesus and the Father are one in taking care of the sheep.





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1 comment:

  1. Very clear explanation. Those who uses John 10:30 to prove Jesus is God should read this.

    ReplyDelete

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